House Bills and House Resolutions Filed During the 15th Congress
To address the corruption, political disenfranchisement and patronage politics observed in most Sangguniaang Kabataan (SK), the HB 00468, known as “The Sangguiniang Kabataan Reform and Empowerment Act of 2010,” requires an overhaul of its set-up in order to retain the good spirt of providing an opportunity for youth to excersice their rights to participate in local governance. The act increases the system’s effeciency and effectivity through well-defined job descriptions and clearer protocols and includes a civil society arm that specializes on the development programs and activities called the “Katipunang Pangkaunlaran ng Kabataan” in every Katipunan ng Kabataan.
To address one of the biggest controversies in the country’s history over the ownership of the coconut levy funds dating back to the Marcos Administration, the HB 00469, known as the “Coco Levy Funds And Assets Are Public Funds Act” was filed in order to achieve a just resolution of expediting the utilization of these funds to serve the rightful interest of the small coconut farmers. The act pools all the coconut levy funds into the Coconut Industiry Rehabilitation and Development Fund (CIRDF) and creates a Presidential Coconut Industry Development Council, which consists of five small coconut farmers, to formunate and implement policies with regards to the administration and management of the funds together with the United Coconut and Planters Bank (UCPB) as the financing/investment arm of the industry and the Philippine Coconut Authority (PCA) as the technical body of the development and rehabilition of the industry.
HB00470 – Board of Claims Bill
The HB 00470 pushes for a recognized human rights program in the Philippines through the promotion of a better compensatory system to the victims of unjust imprisonment or detention as well as of violent crimes. The act adds more circumstances for claims on compensation, amends the previous award ceiling for victims to be increased to a more reasonable amount and includes a time frame of six months after release or the damage and injury at which the claim can be filed.
The HB00471, known, as the “Human Rights Resource Center Act of 2007” establishes Human Rights Resource Centers throughout the country to integrate the promotion and protection of human rights in the implementation of the criminal justice system. The functions of the said Resource Centers include providing information of human rights, monitoring the compliance of international treaty obligations and national legislation on human rights, coordinate with various agencies with the same cause as well as other local government units, recommend the enactment of necessary local legislation for human rights and participate in the development planning and budgeting process of the local government unit concerned.
To address the economic dificulties faced by a recent graduate to find a obtain a regular income for the first time, the HB00472, known as “Fresh Graduates Pre-employment Assistance Act of 2010,” manifests the State’s commitment to promote the interest of the youth by a reasonable waiver of the fees collected by the government for the various documents required by a fresh college graduate’s prospective employer. An inter-agency monitoring committee (IAMC) is created to monitor the compliance to this Act by the government acencies involved and may recommend to the proper authorities its noncompliance.